Little has yet been published about the subject of urban protected areas, so the publication in May 2014 by IUCN is helpful as it introduces a number of ideas that may be new to protected area managers. Note that many of the methods used to manage protected areas in urban environments are the same as those required elsewhere (just the density of stakeholders and pressures may be different). The IUCN publication emphasizes management approaches that are especially relevant to urban protected areas. Since such urban areas (and the political and social contexts in which they reside!), vary greatly, it does not provide detailed recommendations, but instead sets out general guidelines: offering examples of problems, opportunities and solutions; and lists sources of further information and assistance. There is a full copy of the report.